Crossing the Red Sea
What are the Israelites doing?
where their faith is (God can’t save/deliver us).
where their heart is (in Egypt).
that they never were fully onboard with this deliverance thing, anyway.
What do you think the Israelites were
saying to themselves when Moses divided the sea?
don’t believe it.”
1 Corinthians 10:1-5
What is Paul teaching us here about the
parting of the Red Sea?
was a “baptism” of sorts - they were leaving the worldliness of Egypt.
were committing to follow the Lord.
were “crossing through the valley of the shadow of death” (the wall of water)
which is baptismal symbolism of death and rebirth.
Lord’s Wilderness of Sanctification
What does it take to distract Israel from
days without water in the desert.
What kind of tree made the water sweet?
the tree - it was Jehovah - “I am the Lord that heals thee” (v25).
“tree” is symbolic of the Cross.
could have made the water sweet without the wood - but sometimes we need a
What is the “Wilderness of Sin”?
is the Lord’s testing ground for their faith.
is the Lord’s “wilderness school”.
of the true desires of our hearts and understanding of our personal weakness.
is the Israelites' preparation ground for Sinai.
How are the Israelites doing so far?
so good - they are swearing by the name of God that they would rather be dead
in Egypt than alive but dying in the wilderness.
they have “even a desire to believe” they don’t show it much; but they sure
aren’t acting on that belief - they don’t have faith in the God they swear by.
How does one enter the Lord’s “Wilderness
is the gate?
have “performed” the baptism by water via their Red Sea crossing.
the baptism by fire is always an inner, individual “baptism” and is predicated
upon them living the gospel covenant; which only a few show that they have done.
Why is His school be held in the
must leave behind the “flesh pots of Egypt” or Babylon.
must be “delivered” into the Wilderness - deliverance from physical danger
(slavery, in this case) and deliverance from sin through the birth of the
spirit (still in progress, in this case).
receive training in the Ways of the Lord, without distraction from the World.
be proved - the wilderness is both refuge/asylum AND trial/tribulation.
Exodus 16: 9, 12
What is the Lord trying to teach the
Children of Israel?
the Lord’s Wilderness School, He takes care of all worldly needs (it is about
sufficiency not excess, however) - He will continue to preserve their
(miserable, faithless…) lives.
quail and manna are a temporal sign of His love and power as their God.
outward signs are not enough - they must “come near before the Lord” to truly
food keeps them alive long enough to do that.
John 6:35, 48-51, 63
Why did the Children of Israel eat manna
and are dead?
is talking about spiritual death not physical death.
did not eat of the “bread of life” - Christ.
only focused on the temporal benefits of worshiping God - i.e. staying alive
physically in the wilderness.
missed the fact that physical life or death is really nothing if you don’t find
the Lord; the primary reason we are here on earth is to come unto Christ and be
redeemed from spiritual death; that is how you “live forever”.
How are Christ’s words “spirit,” “truth”
intentions are not enough.
must be taught the words of truth or you cannot have faith.
can only have true faith unto salvation in something that is true - otherwise
the object of your false hope will let you down in time and your faith will
truth of the living bread is “eaten” or taken into your soul by covenant - like
food, His Spirit becomes part of who you are; it changes you by giving you
health and energy (if it is good food and you have been eating spiritual “junk
food”), and enables you to do things you could not do before, which in turn
affects who you can become (sanctification).
those true words about how to be saved have been acted on in faith… Christ’s
actual “words” or promise to us of eternal life, given when He ministers to you
in the flesh, is what truly gives life. His
words prophesy or promise an eternal life that you will experience and as a God
of Truth, He cannot lie – no matter how improbable His promise seems to you at
What did Moses plainly teach to the
Children of Israel?
the greater priesthood holds the key to the mysteries and the knowledge of God.
without the ordinances (covenants) of the mysteries of the kingdom and the
authority of the High Priesthood After the Holiest Order of God, the power of
godliness is not manifest to men in the flesh - in other words, they cannot
enter into the presence of the Father in the flesh, which is how you obtain the
knowledge of God.
you must sanctify yourself to receive these great blessings and enter into
How should they have sanctified themselves
to enter the presence of the Lord?
on His name.
His voice (personal revelation).
also D&C 67:10-14; D&C 88:67-68 (again).
Exodus 19:5-6, 10-11
Who was invited or called to receive this
High Priesthood and enter into the rest or presence of God?
of the Children of Israel.
was trying to establish Zion again - a PEOPLE, not just a single PERSON, who
could stand in God’s presence.
Exodus 19:12, 16-17, 23-24
Why can’t the people ascend Mount Sinai
past the “bounds”?
of them have not sanctified themselves sufficiently to enter into the presence
of the Lord.
will burn up in His glory if they come into contact with Him.
bounds protect unprepared people from being utterly wasted in God’s presence.
What is God doing in these verses?
- He is just being.
break (burn) ourselves against His perfection and inherent glory.
is not “punishing us” - we punish ourselves with a “flame of unquenchable fire”.
“burning” is both physical and spiritual.
What is their response to the Lord’s
invitation that all should enter into His presence?
don’t want to come into His presence.
Moses “the Prophet”.
can stand between us and God.
will follow the prophet.
are afraid to go ourselves into the glory, lest we die.
refused to come unto Christ.
How does Moses reply to their concern?
knew this was God’s plan from the beginning and told the people not to worry.
is here to prove you – but He wants you to come unto Him.
wants a “kingdom of Priests and a holy nation” (see 19:6).
if you must go through the refiner’s fire first – it will be more than worth
How did the Lord react to their rejection
of His offer to come unto Him themselves, but to send Moses instead?
Lord was NOT pleased with their desire to place Moses between Himself and them.
Lord wanted ALL of the Children of Israel to enter into His rest.
is no such thing as group salvation; membership in a Church will not save you.
is their PERSONAL salvation that is at stake - Moses’ election was already made
sure, but the rest of the Israelites had yet to receive that blessing.
prophet’s role is to PREPARE them for that event, not to stand between them and
Exodus 20:2-4, 7-8
What is the common theme in the first
four of the Ten Commandments?
relationship between us and God: that He is the only God that exists, so we
should worship Him.
Commandment: “I am” the Lord your God; Yahweh is God (“I exist”) v2.
Commandment: No other gods before me - do not worship idols (gods who don’t
really exist) v3-4.
Commandment: Do not take the name of God in vain – since I exist, treat me
(God) as a person not an object; v7.
Commandment: Keep the Sabbath day holy – worship me; draw close unto me and I
will draw close to you; v8,
What is the common theme in the last six
of the Ten Commandments?
we should treat our fellow man.
Commandment: Honor parents.
Commandment: Not to kill.
Commandment: No adultery.
Commandment: No stealing.
Commandment: No false witness.
Commandment: No coveting.
How does the Aaronic Ten Commandments
come alive in Christ’s Celestial law?
you love the Lord with all thy heart, soul and mind, you will do the first 4
commandments (really, all ten).
if you love the Lord, you will love your neighbor as yourself, and keep the
other 6 commandments.
you ARE – if you love the Lord with all your heart and love your fellow beings
as well - then what you DO just flows naturally.
if you do not love God and your fellow men (you are not yet spiritually alive),
but keep the Ten Commandments regardless, you will gain light through your
obedience (God is no respecter of persons and obedience to eternal law merits
light) and hopefully understand the deeper spiritual foundation of the
behaviors that you are exhibiting, so you can begin to embrace them and love
In Chapter 24, the Children of Israel
make a covenant by sacrifice to keep the commandments of the Lord. What does the Lord command them to do next?
the Ark of the Covenant to go in the Tabernacle.
What is the difference between making a
covenant by sacrifice and making a covenant to sacrifice?
first is efficacious (in affect) - the Lord requires the sacrifice of all
earthly things in order to lay hold of faith unto salvation (see the Lectures
second is a promise to sacrifice in the future - but is not yet in affect.
Exodus 25:8, 22
What is the purpose of the Tabernacle and
the Lord to easily visit His people - abide with them.
is a temple.
is a portal to heaven.
JST Exodus 34:1 and Leviticus 16:2
What happened with regards to the
tabernacle as a result of Israel's breaking their covenant with The Lord?
that, just the High Priest was allowed to enter and just once a year! (talk
about being under condemnation!).
High Priesthood was removed from them – including from the High Priest.
Law of Moses
Having given up the right to know God
themselves, what does the Lord do for the Children of Israel?
His mercy, He gives them a remedial process of outward ordinances/covenants and
a priesthood that enables it.
What does "preparatory gospel" include?
includes repentance and baptism for the remission of sins – which enables the
Holy Spirit to animate you.
commandments – behavioral guides to enable living with more light.
includes the ministering of angels – to teach the higher commandments and
impart further light.
What did Christ teach the two on the Road
to Emmaus about the Law?
it also testifies of Christ - it points to Him, for those with eyes to see.
What is our modern day "Law of
the Strength of Youth.
Word of Wisdom.
that focuses people on outward performances and is easily measurable and observable:
behaviors and standards.
What are the advantages of these
to standards enables increasing in the Spirit - being filled with more light;
which can enable you to receive even more IF you ask for it.
are clear/plain, which is especially important for concrete thinkers (80% of
What could be a danger of this approach?
fixate on the outward performances while omitting the weightier matters (the
desires of the heart or your intent; your will or whole soul).
is less effective - “The study of doctrine and the teaching of doctrine will
change behavior more than the study of behavior will change behavior.” (Boyd
can produce "mindless drones" with blind faith but no "well of
living water" or "oil of the Spirit" within them, if they do not
press on past the "what" to the "why" of the gospel.
What does Paul teach us about the purpose
of the Law?
Law of Moses was intended to lead us to Christ.
is not a “law” unto itself for salvation.
explore some of the ways that the Law was designed to point people to Christ
rather than being an end of itself...
3 Nephi 12:19
Why would The Lord give a Law that the
Israelites would never be able to come close to living?
their hearts and make their spirits contrite when they finally admit that they
can't live the Law and will not be saved by their own merits.
Law is supposed to be impossible to live in reality, so that people are forced
to turn to Christ.
expose our imperfections and pride.
What happened when the Israelites failed
to keep these commandments?
had to offer up the sacrifice of an animal.
Why did the Law require the sacrifice of
point to the infinite and eternal sacrifice of a God.
remind them that only ONE sacrifice is needed - all the others are in
similitude of that one.
the symbol of life and the symbol of this fallen world, is required to make a
covenant efficacious or binding; until Christ’s sacrifice ended it (see 3 Nephi
3 Nephi 9:19-20
What is the sacrifice required of those
seeking to live the higher law?
heart and contrite spirit; your whole soul, which is the only thing that we can
sacrifice that is really ours to give.
read about the Day of Atonement...
Leviticus 16:7-10, 15, 21
Who does the goat of the sin offering
What does the sprinkling of that goat's
blood before the Mercy Seat represent?
suffering in the Garden before the Father where He bled from every pore while
taking upon Himself (although undeserving) the sins of the people.
Who does the "live goat" or
“scape goat” represent?
are laden with sins and yet are allowed to escape into the wilderness.
the other goat is killed that we might live.
What is the difference between the two
- they are interchangeable - either could have been chosen to fulfill either of
the two roles.
the actual Day of Atonement, we see this same story play out in real life...
Christ, of course, is the one the people
demand to be sacrificed, but how is Bar-abbas the "scapegoat" who
is also literally a "Son of the Father" – bar (son of) abba (the father).
is laden with sins – treason and murder.
is allowed to go free while Christ is killed in his place and for his sins.
Why was the veil in the temple torn at
Christ dies on the cross, the veil of the Holy of Holies in the Temple in
Jerusalem is rent from top to bottom showing that the Father was a witness to
Christ's blood being shed before His throne.
In summary, why were the children of
Israel given the Law of Moses?
were a stiffnecked people (see Mosiah 3:14).
is all they were willing to receive.
they would not RISE UP THEMSELVES and accept the Lord's invitation to be in His
presence and become His sons and daughters but wanted Moses to stand between
them and tell them what to do.
act as a preparatory gospel; God is patient and had not given up on them, even
in their sins and stubbornness; they were still “His people”.
Law had within it temple worship, with all of its symbolism of Christ and
entering into God’s presence.
Law truly testifies precisely and intimately of Christ, for those with eyes to
see and ears to hear.
the Law backfired and they viewed the fact that they had it as making them
better (the “chosen people”) than those around them who did not have the
(significantly limited, particularly in comparison with what they might have
had…) light and knowledge they had been given; they made the Law an end in
itself, as if zealous adherence to it would please God and save them – they
missed the whole idea that it was a remedial law meant to humble them while it
led them back to the higher law and the presence of the Lord; they were
“chosen” to be an example of foolishness, so that we could choose to be wiser
than they had been.
Why does the preparatory gospel include
the key of the ministering of angels?
are sent to prepare people; after they have repented, been baptized and kept
the carnal commandments - they are ready for more, for the baptism of Fire
available through the Melchizedek priesthood, which they no longer held (except
are allowed to behold a proxy of His glory (through the angel).
minister to men to testify to them of His word and of the coming of Christ,
preparing them to receive Him (see also Alma 32:23 and Moroni 7:22).